APES: Chapter 4
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  1. Which of the following is NOT a primary depository for the element listed?
    1. Carbon-coal
    2. Nitrogen- nitrogen gas in the atmosphere
    3. Phosphorous- marble and limestone
    4. Sulfur- deep ocean deposits
    5. All are correct
  2. Burning fossil fuels coupled with deforestation increases the amount of in the atmosphere.
    1. NO2
    2. CO2
    3. SO2
    4. O3
    5. All of the Above are Correct
  3. Nitrogen is assimilated in plants in what form?
    1. Nitrite NO2
    2. Ammonia NH3
    3. Ammonium NH$
    4. Nitrate NO3
    5. Choices B, C, and D
  4. The cycle listed that has the most immediate effect on acid precipitation would be the
    1. carbon
    2. sulfur
    3. water
    4. phosphorous
    5. rock
  5. In nitrogen fixation, cyanobacteria in the soil and water and Rhizobium bacteria in root systems are responsible for converting..
    1. organic material in ammonia and ammonium ions
    2. ammonia, ammonium ions, and nitrate ions to DNA, amino acids, and proteins
    3. ammonia and nitrite ions to nitrate ions
    4. nitrogen and hydrogen gas to ammonia
    5. ammonia to nitrite and nitrate ions
  6. Phosphorous is added to the environment by all of the following activities EXCEPT
    1. runoff from feedlots
    2. slashing and burning in tropical areas
    3. stream runoff
    4. burning coal and other fossil fuels
    5. mining to produce inorganic fertilizer
  7. Humans increase sulfur in the atmosphere and increase acid deposition by all of the following activities EXCEPT:
    1. industrial processing
    2. Smelting ore to produce metals
    3. burning coal
    4. refining petroleum
    5. clear cutting
  8. Plants assimilate sulfur primarily in what form?
    1. Sulfate SO4
    2. Sulfite SO3
    3. Hydrogen Sulfide H2S
    4. Sulfur dioxide SO2
    5. Sulfur S
  9. The cycle that is most common to all of the other cycles is the
    1. nitrogen cycle
    2. carbon cycle
    3. hydrologic cycle
    4. life cycle
    5. the rock cycle
  10. Which of the following cycles would be considered sedimentary?
    1. Carbon cycle
    2. Water cycle
    3. Phosphorous cycle
    4. Nitrogen cycle
    5. Sulfur cycle
  11. Which of the following is a macronutrient essential for the formation of proteins?
    1. Sulfur
    2. Nitrogen
    3. Carbon
    4. Cobalt
    5. Water
  12. Clearing land for either habitation or agriculture does all of the following EXCEPT
    1. increases runoff
    2. increases flood risks
    3. increases potential for landslides
    4. increases infiltration
    5. accelerates soil erosion
  13. Human activity adds significant amounts of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere by all of the following EXCEPT
    1. brush clearing
    2. burning wood
    3. burning fossil fuels
    4. clear-cutting
    5. agricultural runoff
  14. Carbon dioxide is a reactant in
    1. photosynthesis
    2. cellular respiration
    3. the Haber-Bosch process
    4. nitrogen fixation
    5. none of the above
  15. Ammonium ions are converted to nitrate and nitite ions through what process?
    1. assimilation
    2. denitrification
    3. nitrogen fixation
    4. nitrification
    5. ammonification
  16. Which of the following process is working against gravity?
    1. precipitation
    2. percolation
    3. runoff
    4. transpiration
    5. infiltration
  17. The energy that drives the hydrologic cycle comes primarily from
    1. trade winds
    2. solar energy and gravity
    3. earth's rotation on its axis
    4. ocean currents and wind patterns
    5. solar radiation
  18. All of the following are factors that increase population size EXCEPT
    1. ability to adapt
    2. specialized niche
    3. few competitors
    4. generalized niche
    5. high birthrate
  19. The location of where an organism lives would be best described as its
    1. niche
    2. habitat
    3. range of tolerance
    4. biome
    5. ecosystem
  20. Species that serve as early warnings of environmental damage are called
    1. keystone species
    2. native species
    3. specialist species
    4. indicator species
    5. invasive species
  21. Location on earth with the greatest primary productivity
    1. desert
    2. tropical rainforest
    3. oceans
    4. swamps/marshes
    5. decidous forest
  22. How much energy is available to the hawk if it eats a snake that ate a 20000 kcal mouse? Assume 20% energy efficiency.

  1. Which biome that has an upside down biomass pyramid?